Diabetes: Signs And Symptoms
Nursing Interventions: Diabetes Mellitus
- Administer insulin or an oral antidiabetic drug as prescribed.
- Have the patient participate in a supervised exercise program.
- Treat hypoglycemic reactions promptly by giving carbohydrates in the form of fruit juice, hard candy, honey or I.V. dextrose.
- Provide meticulous skin care, especially to the feet and legs.
- Assist the patient to develop coping strategies.
- Keep accurate records of vital signs, weight, fluid intake, urine output, and caloric intake.
- Monitor diabetic effects on the cardiovascular, peripheral vascular, and nervous systems.
- Observe for signs of urinary tract and vaginal infections, and monitor the patient’s urine for protein, an early sign of nephropathy.
- Recommend regular ophthalmologic examinations.
- Teach the patient how to care for his feet.
- Teach the patient and the family how to monitor the patient’s diet.